ASIATODAY.ID, YOGYAKARTA – Minister of National Development Planning/Head of the National Development Planning Agency of the Republic of Indonesia, Suharso Monoarfa, said that Indonesia’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) achievements in 2022 are the most progressive in the category of countries with upper middle income.
“Indonesia’s SDGs indicator achievements reached 62 percent of the total target (224 indicators) that can be evaluated, so that Indonesia is considered the most progressive in achieving SDGs in the upper middle income country category,” said Suharso at the 2023 SDGs Annual Conference (SAC) in Yogyakarta, Monday (6/11/2023).
For the social pillar, there are 87 indicators available from the SDGs progress data, 51 percent of the targets have been achieved, 21 percent will be achieved/improved, and 28 percent need special attention. Regarding the economic pillar, of the 69 indicators available from the SDGs progress data, 61 percent of the targets have been achieved, 14 percent will be achieved/improved, and 25 percent need special attention.
Regarding the environmental pillar, Suharso said that of the 66 indicators available from the SDGs progress data, there are 77 indicators, 71 percent of the target has been achieved, 5 percent has improved, and 24 percent requires special attention. Finally, looking at the legal and governance pillar which provides 28 indicators out of 36 indicators, 64 percent of the targets have been achieved, 18 percent will be achieved, and 18 percent need special attention.
“Of course there are still many challenges in a number of our regions, both in terms of social, economic, environmental and governance aspects in this dynamic situation. “We both understand that today we all over the world are facing a triple planetary crisis, namely the threat of climate change, increased pollution and loss of biodiversity,” he explained.
Previously, the Ministry of National Development Planning together with the United Nations in Indonesia launched the 2022 Annual Results Report for the United Nations in Indonesia which contained the achievements of the second year of implementation of the United Nations Sustainable Development Cooperation Framework (UNSDCF).
The report underlines the resilience of the Indonesian government to overcome development challenges in 2022 related to recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic and a number of SDG achievements.
Comprehensively, the report describes the UN and Indonesia’s cooperation in achieving the SDGs in 2022 in four UNSDCF strategic priority areas.
The first is in the field of inclusive human development. The Electronic Logistics Immunization Monitoring System recorded the delivery of 550 million vaccination doses, including 434 million doses of COVID-19 vaccination and more than 116 million doses of routine vaccines throughout Indonesia.
Then, around 4.2 million children under five received the third dose of the DPT-HB-Hib vaccine (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), hepatitis B, and Haemophilus Influenzae type b infection) with coverage of 96.1 percent, more than 3, 7 million children received inactivated polio vaccine or reached 87.5 percent, and 4.1 million children received oral polio vaccine or reached 95.3 percent of the target.
Apart from vaccines, the availability of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) drugs which help people at risk avoid contracting HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) has been expanded from 12 to 21 cities and districts. Indonesia is also carrying out training on early detection and referral of child wasting for 5,350 health workers and 6,464 caregivers.
This report also conveys efforts to achieve gender equality through improving the situation of women and girls, especially through the passage of the Law on the Elimination of Sexual Violence.
The third achievement relates to green development, climate change and natural disasters. With UN support, Indonesia is said to have succeeded in publishing 11 studies related to climate change, disaster resilience and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Indonesia is also preparing a roadmap for greenhouse gas mitigation in the marine sector, expanding other use areas to avoid deforestation covering an area of 92,580 hectares which will produce CO2 (carbon dioxide) equivalent emissions of 33.58 metric tons, and training 217,317 small-scale gold miners to avoid mercury risks.
The final strategic priority area concerns innovation to accelerate progress towards the SDGs.
Indonesia developed a new roadmap for safely managed drinking water, then raised US$1.7 billion in funding from domestic and global markets to finance efforts to achieve SDGs targets. The government also contributed to other development needs, recording 40 prisons across the country receiving benefits from improvements to the Prison Health Information System. (AT Network)
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