ASIATODAY.ID, JAKARTA – Indonesia has great potential in developing floating photovoltaic solar power plants to meet energy needs which continue to increase from time to time.
“Indonesia, as an archipelagic country that has vast seas, can actually place this location for solar panels,” said Metallurgical Researcher at the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) Aga Ridhova at the Metallurgical Colloquium monitored in Jakarta, Friday (27/10/2023).
On Sumatra Island, the potential for solar energy reaches 48,000 terawatt hours (TWh) per year with a floating solar power plant potential of 94.7 percent, Java Island and the Lesser Sunda Islands have a potential of 11,500 TWh with a floating solar power plant potential of 53.8 percent, and Kalimantan has a solar energy potential of 29,400 TWh with a floating solar energy potential of 97.3 percent.
Then, Sulawesi has 50,200 TWh with floating solar energy potential reaching 96.9 percent and Maluku and Papua which have solar energy potential of 51,200 TWh with floating solar energy potential reaching 99.7 percent.
“The potential for solar cells in Indonesia is very large, not only can they be used on land, but also floating photovoltaics in very strategic locations. Now only one location has been used, namely the Cirata Reservoir in West Java,” said Aga.
Energy demand in Indonesia is currently around 300 TWh. Meanwhile, energy demand is estimated to reach 9,000 TWh in 2050.
According to Aga, if Indonesia only relies on coal-fired power plants, the resources of which are limited and cannot be regenerated, then meeting Indonesia’s energy needs in the future could face serious challenges.
“We need new renewable energy that can continue to exist and be used for a long time, one of which is water, sea waves, wind, biomass or geothermal energy which can reach 1,240 TWh. Meanwhile, if we compare it with the potential of floating photovoltaic, it can reach hundreds of thousands of terawatt hours if put to good use,” he concluded. (AT Network)
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